Small Business SEO: Where to Start?

By: Paige Zaro Tuesday November 24, 2015 comments Tags: seo, marketing, content marketing, small business

So you’re finally starting to get serious about your business’s online presence. You understand how important it is for your customers to easily find you through Google, on social media, and on review sites. But where do you get started?

Whether you choose to do your SEO yourself, or if you hire someone to work with you on it, it’s important for you as the business owner to understand what the process is, what’s involved, and what decisions you have to make.


Check Your Expectations and Mindset

First, it’s critical to understand what you can reasonably expect and work towards. Keep in mind that Google doesn’t actually want you to be able to easily manipulate your ranking. They want you to earn it by creating the best possible experience for your customers.

But by focusing on the “right” things — that is, creating the best possible user experience to serve visitors to your site — you can influence your rankings without having to pay Google for ads.

If you attempt to manipulate Google, there’s a really good chance they’ll catch you. They’ve seen pretty much every strategy you can imagine, and they will dish out hefty penalties for people who aren’t acting in the right spirit.

Again, what Google considers to be the “right spirit” is whatever is best for searchers. If you focus on making your site easy-to-use, useful, and interesting to your target audience, Google will take notice and reward you.

"Focus on making your site easy-to-use, useful, and interesting to your target audience." [Tweet this]

But results won’t come in quickly, and you can’t reasonably expect to rank on the top page for highly competitive keywords until you’ve been working at it for a long time. But you can still rank for keywords specific to your niche, which will get you better results in the long run.

Clean Up the Back End

Although your first priority should be your site visitors, you do have to do some work that’s just for Google. This is all about understanding how Google goes about evaluating a site, and making it really easy for that to happen.

Make Sure Google Can Access Your Site

Google “looks” at your website by “crawling” and “rendering” the site, to understand what it’s like for a visitor.

  • Crawling: Specialized “web crawler” software follows links from page to page and site to site, to understand what content is available on your site and what keywords your content relates to
  • Rendering: Puts the information the crawler gathered into the context of how it looks visually on your website to a visitor

You can learn more about crawling and rendering here.

There are certain lines of code that can stop Google from crawling and rendering your pages. Make sure Googlebot (the main web crawler used by Google) isn’t blocked on your site by following Google’s instructions here.

Upload a Sitemap

Just like it’s easier to understand complex material when you look at an outline first, it’s much easier for Google to crawl your site if it can follow a sitemap. A sitemap simply shows Google everything that’s on your site, in a certain format that works well for Googlebot.

You can easily create and upload a sitemap to your site using XML Sitemaps.

Make it Easy for Searchers to Find

It doesn’t matter how great the content on your site is if your site can’t be found on Google. It’s amazing how many businesses are really difficult to find, even if you know their name.

Choose a Memorable Domain Name

The right domain name can help you out a lot. Ideally, you want one that’s as close to your business name as possible. But what do you do if the domain you want isn’t available? Check out this blog for some ideas.

Keep the Focus on Your Root Domain

If you want to add a blog to your website, there are two ways you can do it. You can either make a url for, or you can use The first option uses a subdomain, and the second uses a subfolder.

Both options are valid, and you can visit this blog to better understand the pros and cons. But most sources recommend using the subfolder option. This keeps the focus on your main domain name, rather than splitting it up into many subdomains.

Create/Claim Your Social Media Pages

This is fairly self-explanatory. If you haven’t made your own social media pages, you’re missing out on an opportunity for free branding, exposure, and networking. You also miss out on the chance to gather reviews and build up a fanbase.

Make sure your username for these pages is as close as possible to your business name. This will make it easiest for people to find you, and easy for you to remember. Keep your username consistent across all social networks you decide to use.

Improve Visitors’ Browsing Experience

When considering how your site comes across to visitors, the first thing you have to consider is the experience of using your site. Does your site work easily and seamlessly, or is it frustrating to your visitors? If it frustrates your visitors, Google will take notice.

Improve Load Speed

People are getting less patient about loading speed every day. These days, a delay of even a few seconds could cause someone to leave before your content even loads. Not only do you miss the chance to engage with that visitor, but Google will notice how quickly they left, and assume they didn’t like their experience. Google measures how quickly people leave using a metric called bounce rate. In general, sites with lower bounce rates rank better on Google.

How well your site loads on mobile matters too. Most of the time, content loads more slowly on mobile. But your visitors don’t necessarily care what’s realistic — they want your site to load fast from whatever device they happen to be using!

If you aren’t sure where you stand on page loading speed, use Google’s PageSpeed Insights to find out. Google openly states that they penalize pages with low load speed.

There are lots of ways to make your pages load faster once you know it’s a problem. Here are some common culprits:

  • Your images are too large
  • Too many redirects
  • Slow hosting server

Talk to an expert or visit this guide to tackle the page load speed problem.

Optimize for Mobile

If your site isn’t mobile-optimized yet, you’re behind the current standard. About half of all Google searches are currently done from mobile, and the number increases all the time.

When a mobile visitor comes to a site that isn’t mobile-friendly, the font is likely to be too small, the buttons and links difficult to click, and the formatting awkward. It’s a very frustrating user experience, and is likely to cause your visitors to leave your site.

If you aren’t sure whether or not your site is mobile-friendly, use Google’s tool to find out.

There are three kinds of mobile-friendly sites:

  • Responsive: Sites that change their look, usability, and format based on the size of screen being used by the visitor (Recommended by Google)
  • Mobile Site: A separately designed mobile version of a site, which mobile users are redirected to
  • Mobile App: Rather than having mobile users find your site through their browser, you create an app for them to access directly

Learn more about these options and how to mobile-optimize your site here.

Deliver What Visitors are Looking For

Ultimately, what matters most to Google is if you did a good job of answering the searcher’s question or meeting their need.

"What matters most to Google is if you did a good job of answering the searcher’s question." [Tweet this]

Focus on Specific, Local Keywords

Make sure your content is associated with the right kinds of keywords. As a small business, you’re unlikely to rank for general keywords about your industry. There’s simply too much competition.

But you can hope to rank for keywords that are very specific to your niche. A great way to do this, if your business has a location-based aspect, is to use locally-specific keywords. It’s much easier to rank “Accountants in X City” than just “Accountants.”

Invest in Quality Long-Form Content

Finally, make sure the content you put out on your site actually delivers. That means:

  • It’s a unique take on the information
  • The content is well-written
  • It is visually appealing and easy to skim
  • You fully address the issue
  • You meet the visitor’s needs

Usually, a variety of content on your site is best. Some quick snippets, some in FAQ format, and some long-form articles that really go in depth. Whatever your visitor is looking for, you need to provide.

Ultimately, that’s what Google cares about. As long as that stays your first priority as well, you and Google are good partners, and Google rewards its good partners with good rankings.

Don’t be overwhelmed just because you’re small. If you use that to your advantage and produce truly useful content, you can get ahead of larger players.

What SEO strategies have you used to grow your small business? Let me know in the comments!

Paige Zaro

About the Author: Paige Zaro

Paige is the Programming Lead at AllProWebTools.  She enjoys working with her clients and the daily challenges of keeping up with the fast pace of technology. She is constantly reading and learning about all the latest Internet technologies in an effort to provide her clients with the most up-to-date and relevant changes to this landscape.

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